The Kalamazoo County Compact
Acting as One on the Primary Regional Issues:
Land use planning/growth management
Fair share affordable housing
Economic development marketing
Kalamazoo Consortium for Higher Education
Ultimate form of The Kalamazoo County Compact
Either a multi-year (minimum 10 years), binding contractual agreement between Kalamazoo County Government (as unifying agent) and 24 cities, villages, and townships (e.g. the Dayton, Ohio ED/GE model); or
Concurrent ordinances enacted by county government and 24 cities, villages, and townships implementing individual elements of countywide plans and policies (e.g. the Lancaster, Pa. anti-sprawl model) Countywide Land Use Plan (the keystone)
Step 1. County planning staff drafts proposed process, 18-24 month schedule, budget for countywide land use plan.
Step 2. Proposal discussed with and amended by members of Kalamazoo County Council of Governments. Shares of proposed budget allocated. (Possibility of private sector matching grants as incentives?)
Step 3. County Commission and city, village, and township governing bodies adopt resolutions committing participation and appropriating budget shares through intergovernmental agreements to county government.
Step 4. County planning staff oversees 18-24 month comprehensive planning process.
Comprehensive Planning Process Guidelines
10. Pause to negotiate "the ties that bind."
The Ties That Bind I:
Tax-Base Sharing (Portages contribution) as part of The Kalamazoo County Compact applies to commercial/industrial property local jurisdiction keeps 100% of base year 40% of growth pooled thereafter possible set-aside (i.e. 25%) for purchase of farmland development rights redistribution formula based on population and relative tax capacity. Under any plan, Portage would be primary net contributor, and most townships would be primary net recipients (proportionally).
The Ties That Bind II:
Wastewater Treatment Plant (city of Kalamazoos contribution) as part of The Kalamazoo County Compact city of Kalamazoo can renegotiate wastewater allocations (in conformance with comprehensive land use plan), rates charged non-city customers (providing possible rate reductions), governance structure (townships gain direct decision making power over rate-making and capacity allocation issues), and d. ownership (regional ownership of treatment plant).
The Ties That Bind III:
Farmland Protection Fund (urbanized areas contribution) county-administered fund to purchase development rights from farmers in agricultural protection zones funded by share (i.e. 25%) of annual tax-base sharing pool from growth in commercial/industrial state equalized valuation would match state and private funds Note: transferable development rights (privately-purchased) could be supplemental policy if market demand stronger than currently exists.
The Ties That Bind IV:
Mixed-Income Housing Policy (shared responsibility regionally) Countywide policy would require that, for all new housing construction of minimum size (e.g. 25 units), at least 20% would be affordable for purchase or rental by moderate income households (65% of countywide household income).
Public or private, non-profit agency given first right of purchase or rental of 1/3 of affordable units (7½%). Resale prices controlled for 10 years, affordable rents controlled for 20 years. Builders provided density bonuses (e.g. up to 22% higher than maximum zoning)
The Ties That Bind V:
Economic Development Fund (joint public/private contribution)
Fresh Start proposal nearing success (almost $17 million pledged)
Possibility of waiving local governments contribution for fiscal hardship or pledge of future tax-base sharing revenues
Project eligibility dependent on jurisdictions being signatory/participant in The Kalamazoo County Compact (like Daytons ED/GE program)
The Kalamazoo County Compact
Sealed by either Plan A or Plan B
Establish new relationship or new structure regarding KATS transportation planning responsibilities
Regional growth management
Regional tax-base sharing
Regional fair-share affordable housing
Regional economic development
A Model for Michigan
A Model for USA
A Major Economic Development